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ERIC Number: ED136250
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Kindergarten Children And The Influence Of Letter Shapes And Meaningfulness Of Vocabulary As Factors Influencing Word Recognition.
Leeds, Bette G.
The purpose of this investigation was to study the effect of controlling the letters used in words both for a training program designed to improve visual discrimination and for a word recognition task. The experiment was designed to investigate the influence of simultaneous and successive discrimination learning with stimuli which varied in stimulus similarity. Words were controlled for meaningfulness to explore whether familiarity with a word will lessen the possible effect that confusable letters may have on the perception of a word. Four types of distractor errors appeared in the words used with matching procedures in order to gain information about the cues which children use to match words. Subjects for the study were 120 kindergartners, ranked according to reading readiness test scores and labeled as low, middle, and high. Each subject was taught six meaningful and six nonmeaningful words in two separate sessions. The results indicated, among other things, that the choice of matching procedures influenced word matching scores without consideration of the letter confusability factor. Simultaneous procedures with nonmeaningful words were superior to successive for the low, middle, and high reading readiness groups. Simultaneous matching with meaningful words was better only for the low reading readiness group. (LL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A