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ERIC Number: ED136243
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Pages: 56
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Differences in Reading Strategies between Good and Poor Readers.
Olshavsky, Jill Edwards
Responses and strategies used by good and poor readers are compared in their reading of material which varied in writing style and interest. Twenty-four tenth-grade subjects described their thoughts and behavior during silent reading. From the protocols, 13 types of reader responses were identified and organized into a taxonomy of word-, clause-, and story-level responses. Nine strategies were found. Readers identified two subproblems (failure to understand words and failure to understand clauses), two problem-solving strategies (use of context and use of re-reading), and five general comprehension strategies (synonym substitution, inferences, hypotheses, addition of information, and information from the story). Significant differences in use of strategies were found between proficient and non-proficient readers, between readers with high and low interest in their story, and between the two writing styles. Implications for a theory of reading as problem-solving, for teaching strategies, and for a case study approach to reading research are discussed. (Author/AA)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A