ERIC Number: ED136153
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970
Establishing and Maintaining Cooperative Behavior Among Autistic Children and Among Normal Children - Both Groups Having Been Classified as "Hopeless."
Shackel, Denis S. J.
Two experiments are reported: one with autistic children in a day-care treatment program. the other with "hopeless" rating behavior in a grade six school setting. Although the samples were small (seven in the autistic group, 43 in the sixth grade group), the results indicated conclusively the increased rate of cooperative responses and decrease of uncooperative responses under reinforcing conditions in the first experiment and the benefits of utilizing behavior modification in the school setting. Eight experimental conditions were arranged in the day-care setting in which two variables were manipulated: apparatus and differential reinforcement. The effects of positive reinforcement upon cooperative behavior appeared to be greater without apparatus than with it. In the second study, over a two month period, a point system was used to rate pupils' cooperativeness: however, this was rejected as unnecessary since the initial extrinsic motivation of a field trip evolved to an intrinsic motivation in cooperating for the sake of cooperating. (SBP)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Canadian Psychological Association. (Toronto, Ontario, June 9-11, 1976)