ERIC Number: ED136078
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1958-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Five Studies of the Relation Between Sex-Role Identification and Achievement in Problem Solving. Technical Report 3.
Milton, G. Alexander
Five experiments are reported which relate to sex-role identification in problem solving. Instruments used on high school and college students include a booklet of 20 problems that had illustrated sex differences during an earlier study, the Terman-Miles M-F Test to measure sex-role identification, an open-ended personal history questionnaire and an oral mucosal smear to determine genetic sexuality. Sex differences in problem solving were clear. When the characteristics of the problems were altered to make them less appropriate to the masculine and feminine sex-roles, sex differences in problem solving were reduced. Masculine role identity was associated with a choice of analytic approach, feminine role identity with seeking help. Women indicate more frequently that they would use trial and error. The mean number of problems solved by men exceeded the number solved by women in the limited time. Problem form (abstract or manipulative) did not show significant influence by sex. (KS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Yale Univ., New Haven, CT.