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ERIC Number: ED136074
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Feb
Pages: 37
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Person/Situation Selection Research: The Problem of Identifying Salient Situational Dimensions. Research Report No. 13.
Schneider, Benjamin
The study was concerned with the persistent problem in conducting person/situation research--the identification of relevant dimensions or features of the situation. Since the usual strategy for discovering relevant perceptual dimension of organizational life is to ask organizational employees to respond to a set of predetermined questions, this study made use of systematic procedure for identifying the dimensions with which employees characterize their work organization--the open-ended interview and a questionnaire. Sixty-seven employees of a large middle Atlantic coast utility company were interviewed and responded to a questionnaire. Fifteen interview content categories, or issues, were identified and interviews were coded for frequency (mention of the issue), importance of the issue, and effect with which the issue was raised (the average positiveness or negativeness with which issues were mentioned). Issues mentioned most frequently were promotion/evaluation, company management, pay/security, and supervision. The most important issues were promotion/evaluation and supervision. Affectively, bureaucracy was most negative and friendships was most positive. It was concluded that the need exists to begin focusing on the assessment of issues meaningful to individuals in the work situation, and that were attitude measures constructed to be more salient to people both in the kinds of issues raised and the directions used, they might prove more useful in attempts to document the perceptual dimensions with which employees characterize their work settings and as in aid in gaining more reliability in person/situation research, especially that which emphasizes the interaction of employee perceptions of the work world and other employee attitudes as a strategy for understanding employee behavior. (SH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Arlington, VA. Personnel and Training Research Programs Office.
Authoring Institution: Maryland Univ., College Park. Dept. of Psychology.