ERIC Number: ED136025
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Nontraditional Vocational Educational Programs for Women. Final Report.
Lewis, Morgan V.; And Others
A study concerned with ways to increase occupational opportunities for women (but not intended as a study of sex discrimination) was undertaken to identify steps that can be taken to encourage young women to enter vocational areas that have been traditionally limited to males. Eleven vocational and comprehensive high schools were located that had enrolled at least five females in one or more nontraditional courses. Although these schools had no programs to encourage females to enter nontraditional areas, females were enrolled in such areas as vocational agriculture, printing, industrial chemistry, or television arts. Ten of the eleven schools were visited by members of the study team. In each, classes with females in traditionally male areas were observed and the teachers of these classes were interviewed. Interviews were also conducted with counselors, administrators, and small groups of traditional and nontraditional students. A local coordinator was selected at each school who generated a sample of current and former students (in both traditional and nontraditional programs). A total of 1,014 permission forms were distributed and completed questionnaires were obtained from 520 students (51%). Questionnaires were collected by mail from 356 of 743 former students (48%). Questionnaires focused on attitudes, experiences, career plans, and family background. Questionnaires dealing with education, occupation, and attitudes were also collected from 366 (67%) of the parents of student respondents. The report presents data analysis, findings, and conclusions in three parts: (1) Influences on the students' choice of a nontraditional program and examination of their school experiences and attitudes, (2) counselors' and teachers' perceptions of and attitudes toward nontraditional enrollments, and (3) postgraduation employment experiences of students. Questionnaires and interview guides are appended. (LAS)
Descriptors: Career Choice, Counselor Attitudes, Counselor Role, Educational Research, Females, High School Students, High Schools, Nontraditional Occupations, Occupational Aspiration, Parent Attitudes, Parent Influence, Sex Role, Sex Stereotypes, Student Attitudes, Student Experience, Student Motivation, Student Recruitment, Surveys, Teacher Attitudes, Teacher Influence, Vocational Education, Vocational High Schools
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park. Inst. for Research on Human Resources.