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ERIC Number: ED135797
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1970-Sep
Pages: 162
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Convergent-Discriminant Matrix: Multitrait-Multimethod Logic Extended to Other Social Research Decisions.
Paisley, Matilda B.; And Others
Multitrait-multimethod methodology consists of measuring several different traits on a particular sample using several different measurement techniques or settings (methods) with each trait. The purpose of the methodology is to simultaneously show that different methods of measuring a particular trait correlate highly (converge), and that different traits measured with the same method have small correlations with the trait of interest (discriminate). This paper reviews the multitrait-multimethod logic, surveys uses to which multitrait-multimethod methodology has been put, and extends the multitrait-multimethod argument to that of a more general "convergent-discriminant comparison" which goes beyond methods and traits. Five classes of research decisions are proposed for use with the convergent-discriminant methodology: concepts, measures, populations, times, and analysis models. The ten possible resulting matrices (from combinations of the five classes, two at a time) are described in detail and technical issues related to them are discussed. Finally, convergent-discriminant methodology is related to various causal analysis techniques drawn from the literature. These techniques include the sixteen-fold table, cross-lagged correlation, frequency in change of product-moment, and path analysis. (JKS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A