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ERIC Number: ED135774
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Apr
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Functions of Instructional Objectives: Organization and Direction.
Duchastel, P.
This study investigated two functions that instructional objectives might fulfill in the learning situation: (1) organization and (2) orientation. One hypothesis was that instructional objectives can provide organization to learning materials. In this respect, objectives would provide little help when accompanying highly structured learning materials where the organization of the subject is already evident but would facilitate learning when accompanying less structured materials. The second hypothesis was that instructional objectives provide direction for the learning effort, focusing the learner's attention on the important aspects of the learning task and detracting his attention from incidental parts. The orienting function was tested by withholding in the learning situation some of the objectives related to a given set of materials and then, later on, comparing relevant learning and incidental learning on a recall test. The organizing function was tested by presenting a full set of objectives to one group and withholding these objectives from another group; one half of the learners in each group received highly structured materials while the other half received unstructured materials. The organizing function would be supported only if the results of the recall test indicated that the objectives had facilitated learning in the case of the unstructured materials group. Results provided empirical support for the orienting function. No support was provided for the organizing function. (MM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association (New York, New York, April 4-8, 1977)