ERIC Number: ED135556
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Sep
Reference Count: 0
A Statistical Portrait of the American Indian in 1976. A Report for the Intra-Departmental Council on Indian Affairs, DHEW, Concerning Current Directions in Employment, Income, Education, and Health Care for the One Million American Indians in the United States.
Morrison, William T.
Though 1.3 times the U.S. rate, American Indian mortality has decreased 17% since 1955. About 225 fewer Indians died of tuberculosis in 1974 than in 1955. The incidences of cirrhosis of the liver and diabetes mellitus are both far above the U.S. rates. Otitis media may have peaked at 50,000 new cases per year, but Indian health continues 25 years behind the health of most Americans. Since over 50% of all reservation Indians are under age 19, the Indian youth population significantly affects the aggregate income, employment, and health statistics for Indians. One-half of the 500,000 reservation Indians subsist in poverty, and 50% of these are under age 18. Efforts to ameliorate the income and employment disadvantages of Indian youth through vocational training appear to have failed. By itself, education has not furthered the incomes or job opportunities of Indians of all ages relative to the non-Indian. A stagnation or possible decline in reservation Indian education enrollment has apparently occurred. Increases in Indian enrollment are being absorbed by public schools. The dropout rate among Indians enrolled in Federal, public, and mission schools remains disturbingly high at 35%. Moreover, there were significantly fewer (16%) high school seniors graduating from Federal schools in 1975 than in 1969. (JC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Office of Indian Education.