ERIC Number: ED135532
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Education for Rural Development: Some Implications for Planning. IIEP Seminar Paper: 20.
Coombs, P. H.
Rural development is a far more complex, long term proposition than has been generally admitted, for it involves a fundamental transformation across social, political, and economic lines. While the learning needs of rural populations vary considerably, educational planning for all rural areas should incorporate the concept of learning as a lifelong process, and the collective potential of existing formal, informal, and nonformal educational modes should be thoroughly explored. Possible means of affecting change via careful educational planning might include: (1) reorientation and transformation of the schools (area specific objectives to accomodate the majority, rather than the minority; flexible time schedules that do not tie age to grade; and concentration on a generalized curriculum); (2) building educational components into local development projects; (3) strengthening indigenous learning systems to do a broader and better job; (4) tying related educational programs together; and (5) tapping unused resources (e.g., broadcasting systems, underutilized school facilities and teachers, etc.). These suggestions imply that educational planning must: involve all voluntary and official organizations; become more and more decentralized; be melded with development planning; pay much closer attention to the sociological, cultural, political, and organizational aspects of education; include training for non-professional planners. (JC)
Descriptors: Agency Cooperation, Change Strategies, Community Education, Cooperative Planning, Coordination, Decentralization, Educational Development, Educational Resources, Lifelong Learning, Nonformal Education, Nontraditional Education, Planning, Political Influences, Rural Development, Socioeconomic Influences, Voluntary Agencies
International Institute for Educational Planning, 7-9 Rue Eugene Delacroix, 75016 Paris (France) ($0.60)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). International Inst. for Educational Planning.
Note: Paper presented at the IIEP Seminar on "The Planning Problems in Rural Education" (October 13-17, 1975)