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ERIC Number: ED135531
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: 0
Curriculum Development for Basic Education in Rural Areas. IIEP Seminar Paper: 18.
Postlethwaite, T. N.; King, K.
Section I of this paper discusses assumptions about ruralization of the educational curriculum in developing nations (both problematic and exemplary); Section II reviews the achievements of selected African countries in the school, community, and the student's post-primary work life and presents relative implications for curriculum reform. Major conclusions presented in Section I are: general curricular objectives must be the same for all children in most developing nations because curriculum is used to achieve national unity; there is a rural-urban continuum, rather than a dichotomy; current trends are to adapt the curriculum to a specific area and to create a series of parallel forms of the curriculum with the same general objectives; general skills should be taught because rapid change outdates specific skills; the concept of integrated rural development seems more viable than that of ruralizing the curriculum. Among the implications for curriculum reform cited in Section II are: preliminary research on children's work experience and community resource needs should be prerequisite to any curriculum development; the most complex reform task is to account for village contributions to skill formation and village perceptions re: investment in primary schools and then to examine, from a national perspective, whether the essential disciplines taught in any primary school should be more localized and made to interact more with the community infrastructure. (JC)
Descriptors: Community Involvement, Curriculum Development, Developing Nations, Educational Objectives, Foreign Countries, Generalization, National Norms, Primary Education, Program Descriptions, Rural Areas, Rural Development, Skill Development, Specialization, Theories
International Institute for Educational Planning, 7-9, Rue Eugene Delacroix, 75016 Paris (France) ($0.60)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). International Inst. for Educational Planning.
Note: Paper presented at the IIEP Seminar on "The Planning Problems in Rural Education" (October 13-17, 1975)