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ERIC Number: ED135529
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: 0
Problems in Planning Rural Education for Agricultural and Nutrition Development: A Review of Relevant Findings from Communications Research. IIEP Seminar Paper: 16.
Medlin, W. K.
Exploring a significant segment of rural education research and field experience in the developing nations, the communication of relevant knowledge to disadvantaged rural populations was examined in terms of: situational-structural variables (factors of physical location, environmental or ecosystem relationships, and community structures); client systems and behavioral change; and organization of curriculum and instruction. Findings indicated that: educational/training activities developed closely in relation to and interacted with a community's ecological and social-structural environments; decisions on knowledge dissemination were usually strongly influenced by groups which carried social and/or political weight, though clients were also influenced by their immediate social environments and preferences; clients tended to learn most effectively when they were in a position to engage in some decision-situation activity related to their sociocultural needs and/or to develop problem solving behaviors; curricular and instructional development was most successful when it included methods for collecting data on clients' actual and potential utilization of knowledge, their social-psychology, and the instructional theories appropriate to a given rural setting; integrated educational development was not feasible in most countries where the urgent needs for agricultural productivity were paramount, though integration as a natural by-product was sometimes operative. (JC)
Descriptors: Agriculture, Behavior Change, Change Strategies, Communications, Community Change, Community Involvement, Curriculum Development, Decision Making, Delivery Systems, Developing Nations, Educational Development, Geographic Location, Interdisciplinary Approach, Literature Reviews, Nonformal Education, Planning, Policy Formation, Problem Solving, Rural Areas, Social Relations, Social Structure, Structural Analysis, Training
International Institute for Educational Planning, 7-9 Rue Eugene Delacroix, 75016 Paris (France) ($0.60)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). International Inst. for Educational Planning.
Note: Paper presented at the IIEP Seminar on "The Planning Problems in Rural Education" (October 13-17, 1975)