ERIC Number: ED135502
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Sep-4
Reference Count: 0
A Methodology for Observation of the Childbirth Environment.
Anderson, Barbara J.
This paper describes the development of an instrument designed to obtain systematic data on the physical state, medical and social interactions of a woman in active labor. Observations were made of primiparous women who were accompanied in the labor room by the father. Women who had received childbirth training and those who had not were included in the study. The final observation system evolved from preliminary observations of 20 labors for which narrative records were written. A system of categories was developed to time-sample for one hour the woman's physical state and all interactions in the labor room involving her. The categories are organized into three areas: (1) the woman's physical state (contractions, breathing, body tension, vocalizations, body movement, body position); (2) the degree and nature proximity to the laboring woman); and (3) the content of conversations involving the woman (those concerned with the physical or emotional well-being of the woman; breathing; baby; the woman's interpersonal relationship with someone present; non-delivery matters; and medically-related topics concerning labor, pain, medication, and hospital procedures). In addition, the interaction between the woman and the obstetric staff is rated in terms of appropriateness of care to individual needs. (SB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association (84th, Washington, D. C., September 4, 1976)