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ERIC Number: ED135492
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Mar
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Effect of Serving as a Model of Self-Control on Subsequent Resistance to Deviation in Children.
Toner, Ignatius J.; And Others
The effect of having a child serve as a rule-following model for other children on the model's own subsequent rule-following was investigated in a resistance to deviation situation. A total of 45 middle-class boys in grades 1 and 2 were randomly assigned to one of three experimental conditions following instruction not to touch a set of attractive but prohibited toys. In the model condition, boys performed as models of resistance to deviation before a TV camera for children at another school. In the no model condition, boys were told they would serve as models for others but, through a mechanical failure, were unable to do so. Control subjects were not told they were to be models. When alone with the prohibited toys, boys in the model condition touched less often and for less time than did boys in the control condition. Boys in the no model condition did not touch significantly less than control subjects. Further, model boys touched less quickly than no model and control subjects. Finally, boys in the model condition spontaneously reproduced the idiosyncratic resistance behaviors they modeled more than boys in the other conditions who also practiced this behavior. Thus, having a child serve as a model of good behavior for other children appears to be an effective disciplinary technique that avoids some of the undesirable side effects associated with punishment, such as increases in the child's aggression, resentment and alienation. (Author/MS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (New Orleans, Louisiana, March 17-20, 1977)