ERIC Number: ED135474
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Nov-5
Reference Count: 0
Problems in Aggression: Three Case Studies.
Holt, Wilma J.
This paper reviews three studies which illustrate the use of two different techniques of behavior modification to control aggression in preschool children in classroom situations. The first technique demonstrated the use of "time-out" as a mild punishment procedure. The teacher changed events following aggression by briefly removing the child from reinforcing experiences. This procedure was effective in reducing aggressive behaviors of two 4-year-old boys in two different studies, one conducted by Busby, Thomson and LeBlanc, and the other by Holmberg, Kastl, Hursh and Colley. In the former study, after attack behavior was decreased, this decrease was maintained when the time-out technique was cintingently applied to other behaviors. In the latter study, an increase in the subject's peer interactions was shown when his aggressive behaviors were low. In a less direct approach, Pinkston, Reese, Baer, and LeBlanc used extinction and reinforcement to control aggression. Teachers ignored the 3 1/2-year-old subject's aggressive behavior and gave attention to the child who was the object of the aggression. Later, when the subject exhibited nonaggressive behavior, he received social reinforcement. Return to the no-treatment condition demonstrated the effect of the treatment procedure, in that the behavior increased each time there was a no-treatment procedure in effect. It is conjectured that if the subject acquired the necessary skills to interact with his peers, peer attention would become the reinforcer for nonaggressive behavior. (Author/BF)
Descriptors: Aggression, Antisocial Behavior, Behavior Change, Behavior Problems, Case Studies, Conditioning, Discipline Problems, Extinction (Psychology), Negative Reinforcement, Peer Relationship, Positive Reinforcement, Preschool Children, Preschool Education, Reinforcement, Social Reinforcement, Violence
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Association for the Education of Young Children (Minneapolis, Minnesota, November 5, 1971)