ERIC Number: ED135470
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Experimental Analysis of a Four-Component Procedure for Decreasing Noncompliance in a Preschool Child.
Miller, Regina M.; And Others
In this study a 4-component procedure designed to decrease a 4-year-old child's noncompliance behaviors was experimentally analyzed as to the effectiveness of the separate components of the package. Once experimental control had been demonstrated and the subject's noncompliance behaviors had been decreased to an acceptable level, separate analyses of the program components were initiated. Program components were: (1) consistent instructions, which involved making sure that the subject complied by reissuing the instruction so that the subject knew what was expected of him; (2) physical aid or "put-thru," which involved actually aiding the subject to pick up blocks, move furniture or remain in a large group; (3) time-out, which was used as a back-up for noncompliance and required the subject to sit on a chair for 60 seconds without getting off or tantrumming; and (4) teacher attention specifically praising the subject for compliance. Results indicated that the total package manipulation was most successful in decreasing all noncompliance behaviors. When contingent teacher attention alone was used, noncompliance behaviors increased gradually to above baseline rates. The condition combining consistent instructions, "put-thru and contingent teacher attention yielded a considerably lower range of noncompliance behaviors. The condition combining contingent teacher attention with consistent instructions over time brought noncompliance to under 10% but proved less effective than the total 4-component manipulation. (Author/SB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Public Health Service (DHEW), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (80th Honolulu, Hawaii, September 1-10, 1972)