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ERIC Number: ED135242
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Dec
Pages: 27
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
On the Relationship of Sociolinguistics and Speech Pathology.
Wolfram, Walt
The ways in which current studies in sociolinguistics relate to the field of speech pathology are discussed, with particular focus on the role of sociolinguistics in standardized testing. The content validity and criterion-related validity of standardized tests is considered. Disproportionate distribution of scores for particular cultural groups indicates bias in test materials, rather than significant differences in actual subject capability. Examination of the issue from a sociolinguistic perspective includes consideration of differences in linguistic forms which speakers may have as a part of their linguistic system, testing as a social situation, and task bias. A test user should know: (1) whether the test measures what it claims to measure; (2) what the assumptions underlying the testing task are; (3) what problems will be encountered by speakers of non-mainstream varieties of English and how to interpret results of such speakers; (4) how accessible information on individual test items is; and (5) what justifiable classifications and assessments can be made, given the tests' potential for sociolinguistic bias. The speech clinician should know the linguistic characteristics and the verbal styles and functions of local non-mainstream varieties, and should develop an awareness of the role of the speech pathologist in dealing with dialect differences. (CLK)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ann Taylor Huey Memorial Lecture Series, Northwestern University