ERIC Number: ED135120
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972
Reference Count: 0
A Study of Child Variance, Volume 1: Conceptual Models; Conceptual Project in Emotional Disturbance.
Rhodes, William C.; Tracy, Michael L.
Presented are 11 papers discussing the following six models of emotional disturbance in children: biophysical, behavioral, psychodynamic, sociological, and ecological, models, and counter theory. Emotional disturbance is defined as a distinctive human state having multiple manifestations and involving disability, deviance, and alienation. All the models consider the disrupted pattern of human-environment exchanges resulting from emotional disturbance. Discussed in the biogenetic model are genetic, developmental, arousal, perceptual, neurological, and biochemical factors. The behavioral model of both learning and behavior theory discusses major divisions among the connectionist theorists, contiguity theorists, various reinforcement theorists, and applications of learning theories such as behavior modification. The literature review of the theory of psychodynamic model includes the Freudian perspective, changes in psychoanalytic theory, ego psychology, phenomenonological perspectives, and psychodynamics and education. The sociological model discusses such topics as mental illness seen as social deviance, the sick role, Emile Durkheim's theory of anomie functionalism, and socialization failure in children. The ecological model drives from plant and animal ecology the sociological, psychological, and medical principles of human ecology. Counter theory is discussed in three papers considering the educational institution and counter culture alternatives, the ideas of Paulo Freire and the Illich-Reimer alternative, and a description of a counter culture and sources of objection, respectively. A final overview paper toward synthesis concludes that the models are not necessarily competitive systems, but rather represent different facets of the community problem of emotional disturbance. (DB)
Descriptors: Behavior Theories, Children, Conceptual Schemes, Ecology, Emotional Disturbances, Exceptional Child Education, Psychology, Sociology, Theories
University of Michigan, Publication Distribution Service, 615 East University, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Handling: $1.25)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Inst. for the Study of Mental Retardation.