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ERIC Number: ED134896
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Pages: 24
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Perceived Attractiveness and Sex-Role Interests on Interpersonal Attraction.
Thornton, Billy; Linnstaedter, LaNelle
Subjects (40 male, 40 female) viewed a videotaped "interview" with a competent female stimulus person (SP) who appeared to be sex-role congruent or incongruent and was either physically attractive or unattractive. Interpersonal attraction (Likability) was assessed by objective questionnaires. Subjects' sex and attitudes toward women were included in data analysis. Physical attractiveness had the only consistently reliable effect on Likability of the SPs with the more attractive being preferred over the unattractive regardless of sex-role interests. Evaluation of SP's competence and employee preference were found to be a function of both attractiveness and sex-role interests: attractive SPs were attributed greater competency and were preferred as employees as were incongruent SPs; an interaction between the two was also present. The lack of a role-congruence effect on Likability led to the conclusion that physical attractiveness masked the presence of sex-role interests with Likability determined primarily by attractiveness. However, the competence and employee preference analyses suggest that traits may be differentially evaluated according to the situation to which consideration is given (e.g., a social vs. a work relationship). When attractiveness and sex-role interests vary, perhaps a distinction should be maintained between liking in social and work-related instances. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Not available in hard copy due to marginal legibility of original document