ERIC Number: ED134892
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Aptitude Level and Performance on Intramodal and Intermodal Form Discrimination Tasks. Technical Report.
The increased number of marginal aptitude trainees inducted into the Army has created the need for adequately and efficiently training these men. This report presents the finding of research that compared high and low aptitude men--classified on the basis of scores from the Armed Forces Qualification Test (AFQT)--on two form discrimination tasks that required both intramodal and intermodal functioning. One experiment required the men to make a simultaneous discrimination of meaningless forms, using vision and touch. A second experiment repeated the first and introduced a delay period between the presentation of the standard and comparison stimuli. The results showed that, as a group, high aptitude men performed consistently better than low in both experiments. Analysis of verbal reports of the subjects indicated that the majority of the high aptitude men used higher order processing or learning strategies that enabled them to make more accurate matches. The results indicated that training in the organization of stimulus inputs into mediational units holds promise as an approach to helping low aptitude people improve their organizational and information processing skills. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of the Chief of Research and Development (Army), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Human Resources Research Organization, Alexandria, VA.