ERIC Number: ED134602
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Assessing the Developmental Environment of Young Children.
Bradley, Robert H.; Caldwell, Bettye M.
The development of environmental process measures marks a significant step forward in the assessment of environment quality. As Bloom (1964) predicted, these measures have made it possible to more clearly delineate the relationship between environment and development. Although factorial structure of many process instruments is open to question, there is evidence of substantial empirical validity for most. Greater attention now needs to be paid to establishing the validity of process instruments for specific purposes such as screening, diagnosis, and program evaluation. Environmental process measures have been used with a variety of age and cultural groups. Most of the studies done outside the United States were not reported in this paper. Adaptations of instruments for use with other groups should be made with caution with emphasis given to establishing the appropriateness of each item for use with a particular age group in a particular social context. While much additional work needs to be done in developing good environmental process measures, it is concluded that these measures can be usefully employed for a variety of research and applied purposes. Particular attention should be given to designing short, easy to administer instruments for use in educational and clinical settings. Significant improvements in research instruments may be more dependent on the development of more adequate theories about the relationship between environment and development. In both cases, the use of environmental measures is likely to make a substantial contribution to the adequacy of the information obtained. (Author/RC)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (60th, San Francisco, California, April 19-23, 1976)