ERIC Number: ED134055
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Equality, Equity or Equilibrium. Policy toward Access to Higher Education.
Crossland, Fred E.
Issues in International Education, n8 Sep 1976
The need to reexamine the elemental considerations of higher education access policies provides the background of this paper. These considerations are set in a broader social context, and some of the long-term impacts of present trends are identified. An access policy must be determined by first defining the objectives of higher education; twelve such purposes are identified. The need to examine present policies to determine if they meet these specified needs is discussed. The next step in the process is an examination of the barriers to access, such as lack of financial resources, sex, age, and racial discrimination, culturally biased entrance examinations, and physical disabilities. An evaluation of the barriers in relation to the defined purpose of higher education facilitates the decision to extend educational opportunities and, at the same time, presents some necessary changes in the education system. Trends and speculations about the future access policies and their effects on institutions and society are discussed, with the warning that access policies will have to change as our society becomes more industrialized and mechanized. (JMF)
Descriptors: Admission Criteria, Educational Finance, Educational Objectives, Educational Opportunities, Enrollment Trends, Equal Education, Higher Education, Institutional Role, Labor Force Development, Needs Assessment, Open Enrollment, Student Financial Aid
Institute of International Education, Sales Division, 809 United Nations Plaza, New York, N.Y. 10017 (Free)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Institute of International Education, New York, NY.
Note: Paper presented at the Conference of the Council on Higher Education in the American Republics (18th, Belo Horizonte, Brazil, March 1976)