ERIC Number: ED134038
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Second Language Learning vs. Pidginization.
Flick, William C.; Gilbert, Glenn G.
This paper examines the differences between second language learning and pidginization to better understand the mechanisms involved in each process. Current research suggests similarities between the two. Both are characterized by reduction and simplification. Grammatical transformations tend to be eliminated, along with inflectional markers of tense and plurality. Articles and gender/case distinctions are usually omitted, as well as the copula. Both are characterized by an extremely reduced lexicon and a simplified phonological system. Generally, they represent an attempt by speakers of a "source" language to approximate the rules and usage of a "target" language. Based on data obtained from a number of pidgin and creole languages, a theory viewing a pidgin language as merely a simplified form of a superstrate target language, or as the result of incomplete learning of a second language, is rejected. Due primarily to the extreme social conditions under which pidginization takes place and the resulting limited linguistic contact between native and target language groups, the formation of a pidgin language undergoes processes of development which are independent of the target language and which do not represent attempts to approximate the rules and usage of the target language. (Author/CLK)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Convention of Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (New York, New York, March 1976)