NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED133777
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Nov
Pages: 32
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Alternatives to Using Masculine Pronouns When Referring to the Species.
Halon-Soto, Debbie; And Others
This paper reviews three studies designed to assess the impact of gender-related terms. The first study examined 144 male and female undergraduate students' preferences for and performance on tasks using alternatives to the standard English forms, "his/hers" and "him/her." The second study attempted to replicate the original study and to prove that the more successful women were in performing the task, the more likely they were to dislike the text used in the varied pronoun conditions. The third study provided a longitudinal investigation to assess the effects of repeated exposure to alternative-gender pronouns. It was concluded from this series of studies that the use of a gender-related pronoun creates a mental image consistent with that pronoun, that the quality and enjoyment of written materials are not adversely affected by the use of alternative pronouns, that task performance is not hindered by pronoun variation, that positive feedback and negative feedback on tasks do not adversely affect appraisal of alternatives, that the self-esteem of an individual does not affect ratings of materials containing alternatives, and that repeated exposure to alternative pronouns increases the positive ratings of materials in which they are contained. (KS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Speech Communication Association (47th, San Francisco, November 1976)