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ERIC Number: ED133733
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Pages: 32
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Ontological Aspects of Validity Concerns in Language Arts Assessment.
Nystrand, Martin
In considering the development of language arts tests, a distinction can be made between statistical issues and ontological matters involving the objective existence and adequate characterization of the phenomenon being measured. Careful examination of standardized, norm-referenced tests and criterion-referenced tests in the areas of reading and writing indicates that, in their present forms, both types fail to meet the requirements of ontological validity. Among currently available measures in language arts, the Multiple-Choice Cloze Test of Literal Comprehension is one of the few which are related to a well-researched construct regarding comprehension. Because of the inextricable links between reading and writing, it is possible that a similar approach may be feasible in the assessment of writing skills, as well. Instructional implications deriving from the various approaches to assessment are also discussed. (AA)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Report prepared at Ontario Institute for Studies in Education