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ERIC Number: ED133660
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-May
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Individual Differences in Information Processing: Verbal Ability and Memory Encoding Processes.
Schwartz, Steven
This speech reports an experiment on memory and verbal ability. The study notes that in previous research, verbal ability has been found to correlate with sensitivity to order, an important component of intelligence. This relationship may be due largely to the greater word store of high verbal scorers. The author's experimental hypothesis is that clustering scores will not differentiate high and low verbal ability subjects, if one omits items retrieved from the pre-categorical store. Subjects were divided into high and low verbal ability, and were presented with word lists containing words from three semantic categories. Presentation was either pseudo-random or in semantic blocks. A comparison of the pseudo-random and block presentation methods indicated that high verbal ability subjects did better. An analysis of variance showed, however, an interaction between verbal ability and recall stage, and a post hoc analysis indicated that this was the result of a larger difference in clustering score for high verbal subjects in the first stage of recall. The findings tend to support the notion that high verbal ability leads to a greater "echobox" store where more items can be held verbatim and thus retrieved more readily. (NG)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (Chicago, Illinois, May 6-8, 1976)