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ERIC Number: ED133362
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
The Second Year of Emergency School Aid Act (ESAA) Implementation.
Coulson, John E.; And Others
This report summarizes the results of an evaluation of the Emergency School Aid Act (ESAA) Basic and Pilot Programs during their second year of program operations, 1974-75. Also presented are achievement data for a longitudinal sample of students participating in the first two years of ESAA operations, 1973-74 and 1974-75. Although two yeary of evaluation results indicate that the ESAA resource allocation process was successful in targeting ESAA funds to needy school districts, schools, and students, there was little evidence that those funds had a positive impact on student achievement or school climate. There was some suggestion in the data that schools similar to ESAA-funded schools (i.e., control schools) may have employed other sources of funds (federal or state) to provide ESAA-like services to their students, making the achievement and climate comparisons between the ESAA-funded and non-ESAA-funded schools difficult to interpret. When these two sets of schools are combined for analysis purposes, policy-relevant relationships emerge with regard to particular school activities and associated school climate and achievement gains. Should the relationships found in this study be cross-validated by year three data, clear guidance for ESAA program improvement will be forthcoming. (RC)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Gains, Compensatory Education, Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Environment, Educational Legislation, Elementary Secondary Education, Mathematics, Minority Group Children, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Reading Achievement, Resource Allocation, School Desegregation
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: System Development Corp., Santa Monica, CA.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Emergency School Aid Act 1972