ERIC Number: ED133290
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974
Reference Count: 0
The Measurement and Facilitation of Learning in the Museum Environment: An Experimental Analysis. Publications in Museum Behavior, 1.
Screven, C. G.
Defining the museum as a learning environment, this book analyzes devices that can be used to make the experience more meaningful for visitors in existing and new exhibits. Although the typical museum audience is heterogeneous and voluntary with no particular instructional objectives on which to base museum exploration, instructional technology can be used to arrange media and activities in order to facilitate specific learning outcomes. Elements of two experimental programs, which were initiated in the Milwaukee Public Museum, are described. Audiocassettes and portable visitor response devices can serve as adjuncts to already existing exhibits to give them interactive properties. For example, the visitor may carry and play the cassette as he examines an exhibit, and he can punch answers on a punchboard in response to audio-script questions. The devices can be wired so that the cassette stops playing until the correct response has been punched. Similar nonportable machines can be attractively programed for pre- and posttesting or self-testing. Other techniques for self-testing could involve latent image response cards, punchboards, and mechanical response devices. Statistics are included for several studies that use various techniques over different periods of time. (AV)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Community Resources, Educational Facilities, Educational Media, Educational Research, Educational Technology, Elementary Secondary Education, Exhibits, Games, Higher Education, Learning Activities, Learning Motivation, Magnetic Tape Cassettes, Museums, Reinforcement, Statistical Analysis, Tape Recorders
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 (stock no. 047-001-00128-1, $5.40 hardback)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC. Office of Museum Programs.