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ERIC Number: ED133118
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Land Reform and Its Effects on Rural Community Development in Selected Near Eastern Countries.
Yacoub, Salah M.
The effects of land reform programs on community development and the overall socioeconomic development in the three Near Eastern countries of Jordan, Iraq, and Syria were assessed. Land reform was defined as the: redistribution of rights in land ownership and management; reform in the land tenancy patterns; and land settlements, including the transformation of nomadism to settled farming, particularly on newly reclaimed land. Measures taken by Lebanon and Saudi Arabia in the area of nomadic settlement and land reclamation were also analyzed. The analysis of the effects was only a preliminary one due to the lack of adequate empirical scientific evidence on the subject. It has shown that among the main purposes of undertaking land reform measures were: accomplishing an equal distribution of agricultural wealth, alleviating social injustices in peasant societies, and economic growth. However, the majority of the measures in the region were not considered successful. Among the effects of land reform were: the regulation of the relationship of peasants with their landlords; the opportunity for peasants to become land owners; the substantial increase in agricultural land; an increase in the farmer's income and agricultural production; in Iraq and Syria drastic measures affected very deep rooted values and traditions; and since human development was not emphasized, social services were still lacking. (NQ)
Descriptors: Agricultural Production, Area Studies, Community Characteristics, Community Development, Community Involvement, Developmental Programs, Economic Development, Foreign Countries, Futures (of Society), Land Settlement, Land Use, Rural Development, Rural to Urban Migration, Social Development, Socioeconomic Influences
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Iraq; Jordan; Syria