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ERIC Number: ED133102
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Comparative Characteristic of Job Mobility and Job Career of Different Demographic Groups in Rural Population.
Ryvkina, Rozalina Vladimirovna; Koriakina, Irina Mikhailovna
The job mobility and job career of rural women of three generations (16-29, 30-54, and 55 and older) were compared to those of rural men. Data were derived from questionnaires given to the rural people of the Novosibirsk province during surveys conducted in 1967 and 1972. Two data arrays were used--605 questionnaires mechanically selected from the 1967 sample and 2,300 questionnaires of workers interviewed in 1972. Two types of mobility were discerned: horizontal and vertical. Jobs were classified into eight groups according to the nature of work (manual-nonmanual, supervising-non-supervising), required education (comprehensive and special), and wages: labourers, farm labourers, junior attendants; animal breeders--pig tenders, cowherds, cow keepers; animal breeders--milkmaids, calfwomen, poultry women; workers in services sphere and clerical workers; equipment, tractor and combine operators, truck drivers, plumbers; specialists of middle-level skills and middle-level managers; agriculturalists; and key specialists and top managers. Degree of mobility was measured by the number of jobs held during their work history. Findings included: women were less mobile; younger workers were considerably more mobile than the aged; among all groups vertical mobility prevailed over horizontal; the percentage of upward mobility was twice as high as downward mobility; the number of women with upward job careers was half that of men; and the job career of women was on the average shorter than that of men. (NQ)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: USSR Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk.
Identifiers - Location: USSR