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ERIC Number: ED133047
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of Spatial Density on Behavior Styles of Children.
The effects of spatial density on five styles of children's behavior (aggression, passivity, self-involved play, avoidance, and instability of activity) were studied. Subjects were 72 five-year-olds, half male, half female. Twelve groups of six children participated in 54-minute sessions of free play in an adult-free situation. A multivariate analysis of variance was performed on all five behavior style variables with five factors: density, personal space, sex, order, and group. A univariate analysis of variance for each behavior style was also performed. The multivariate analysis indicated significant effects for density, sex, order and group. The univariate analysis indicated that there are significant effects of density on children's behavior. Children demonstrate different behavior styles in coping with spatial conditions. Where space is limited, they become more aggressive and interact less positively; they become vigilant onlookers who stand, rather than run, walk or sit; they use various methods of escape and avoidance; and their social play or toy-play activities are more unstable. There appear to be significant sex differences in response to crowding in which boys tend to show greater effects than girls. (Author/MS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Santa Cruz.