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ERIC Number: ED132996
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Aug
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Innovative Grading Practices; An Annotated Bibliography.
Wallace, Terry H. Smith
The traditional A-B-C-D-F grading system utilized by most colleges and universities to indicate student achievement has been a major focus of student and faculty dissatisfaction for decades. Further, when connected (consciously or unconsciously) to a norm-referenced approach to testing and a curve-based marking practice, the system can and does work serious injustices, requiring that some students "fail" and others be scored "average" in spite of their remarkable achievements and the fact that they have learned the material. These problems have not gone unnoticed. Beginning in the 1940's, increasing numbers of institutions at all levels of higher education began to experiment with innovative grading systems. This bibliography is not the first survey of the field of literature relating to innovative grading practices. Rather, the purpose of the present bibliography has been to update foregoing efforts and tap research sources that appear to have been neglected. It focuses on grading innovations at all levels of undergraduate higher education: universities, colleges, and community/junior colleges. Some valuable insights from secondary school studies have occasionally been included. A total of fifty-one reports, documents, and dissertations are included in this annotated bibliography. (Author/JDS)
Publication Type: Reference Materials - Bibliographies
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A