ERIC Number: ED132672
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Aug
Reference Count: 0
A Framework of Organizational Effectiveness.
Pennings, Johannes M.; Goodman, Paul S.
This paper examines the nature of complex organizations and describes a new conceptual framework for considering organizational effectiveness. Organizations are viewed as open systems with distinct but interdependent subsystems that must be more or less coordinated to ensure organizational survival and growth. Organizations are also seen as political areas consisting of internal and external constitutencies that negotiate a complex set of constraints, goals, and referents, which are the major determinants of organizational effectiveness. The paper discusses the role of internal and external elements that affect organizational effectiveness and the role of constituencies in establishing constraints, goals, and referents. It also considers the relationship between effectiveness and efficiency, the time frame for evaluating effectiveness, and the possibility of reconciling different research traditions for studying organizational effectiveness. (Author/JG)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association (71st, New York, New York, August 30-September 3, 1976) and the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (84th, Washington, D.C., September 3-7, 1976)