ERIC Number: ED132590
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
The Effects of Being Televised: An Experimental Test.
Hoyt, James L.
The ongoing controversy over whether to permit television cameras to cover courtroom trials has generated a variety of responses from the judiciary, the bar, and the media. In an attempt to determine whether individuals are affected by the awareness that they are being televised, this study, while maintaining experimental control, simulated some of the pressures placed on witnesses in a courtroom setting. Subjects, 36 volunteers enrolled in a media-and-society class at the University of Wisconsin, were shown a brief film and then were asked specific questions about the content of the film. While answering these questions, some subjects faced a conspicuous television camera which was purported to be recording their answers for viewing by a large number of people, some faced an unobtrusive camera hidden behind a mirror, and some faced no camera at all. The subjects' answers were recorded and the content analyzed. No significant differences were found between the verbal behavior of respondents who faced a hidden television camera and the behavior of those who did not face a camera. However, those who faced the obtrusive camera talked longer, used more words, paused less, and included more information in their answers. There were no differences in the amount of incorrect information in the answers. (LL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism (59th, College Park, Maryland, July 31-August 4, 1976)