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ERIC Number: ED132543
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Pages: 166
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Effect of Value-Conflict Discussion on the Critical Thinking and Reading of Adults.
Dolan, Sandra Lee
Thirty adult, male, black students participated in a study of the effect of debate about textual issues on critical thinking and reading comprehension. Students were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups, each of which was involved in 24 two-hour sessions of reading instruction. The control group used a traditional textbook approach, completing exercises recommended by the text and carrying on informal discussions. The experimental group read the same 24 stories but, after reading, participated in a value-conflict discussion, debating issues drawn from the text. Reading comprehension and critical thinking tests were administered on a posttest-only basis. Results indicated no differences at the .05 level on either measure, but a trend existed at the .10 level, indicating greater improvement in reading comprehension for the experimental group. Informal measures suggested that classes with value-conflict discussions positively influenced the students' desire to learn and to carry on discussion after class had ended, as well as the teacher's desire to repeat the lesson in the same way at another time. (Author/AA)
University Microfilms, P.O. Box 1764, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 76-26,218, MF $7.50, Xerography $15.00)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh