ERIC Number: ED132503
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Sex Discrimination in Guidance and Counseling. Executive Summary.
Harway, Michele; And Others
This report reviews sex discrimination in counseling and guidance in secondary and postsecondary education. Following a review of existing research and literature and a critical discussion of the state of knowledge in this area, the report presents implications for policy and modes to implement needed changes. The primary focus is vocational guidance and counseling. Personal-social counseling and mental health are examined briefly. Six issues are identified to reflect the areas of inquiry vital to sex discrimination in guidance and counseling: (1) socialization reflects the sex-role biases of the surrounding society; (2) the counselor training field reflects the biases and sex-role stereotypes of the larger society; (3) counselor trainers and training rationales may reinforce existing biases or produce attitudes and values that interfere with equitable counseling practices; (4) tests (personality, interest) and other source materials used to assess clients and assist them with their educational, vocational, and personal decisions reflect sex-role biases; (5) negative outcomes of counseling are reflected in students' educational and career decisions which indicate acceptance of sex-role stereotypes; and (6) existing counseling programs can be freed of sex biases through implementing new approaches in counselor training and procedures. The report presents implications and recommendations in the areas of socialization, self concept and sex-role attitudes, counselor training and characteristics, materials and theories, nontraditional counseling, and research and legislative recommendations. (Author/CKJ)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Education Statistics (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Higher Education Research Inst., Inc., Los Angeles, CA.
Note: For related documents, see CG 011 298-299, HE 008 584 and HE 008 684, and EA 009 103-104