ERIC Number: ED132433
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
The Impact of the Censoring Problem on Estimating Women's Occupational Attainment Equations. Institute for Research on Poverty Discussion Papers.
Fligstein, Neil; Wolf, Wendy
Since research on sex differences in occupational attainment suggests that working men and women attain essentially the same mean level of occupational attainment and do so through quite similar processes, the censoring problem as a potential source of bias in estimating equations for these comparative occupational attainments is investigated. (The censoring problem is defined as a sampling problem in that the sample of working women contains an overrepresentation of successful women, since women who can afford not to work will stay out of the labor force unless they find a job commensurate with their education.) After reviewing and rejecting some alternatives that could correct this problem, a model (developed from an extension of Heckman's set of equations that relate to women's occupational characteristics) is presented for obtaining the structural parameters for the whole female population by accounting for the censoring problem. The censoring problem was found to be minimal and not a reasonable explanation for the apparent similarities between men and women in the process of occupational attainment. It was concluded that before accepting the finding of sexual equality in occupational rewards, the following possibilities should be explored: (1) That the model is misspecified and if certain variables (for example, the status of first job) were included, the process of occupational attainment for the sexes would differ, and (2) that certain dimensions of sexual inequality in occupational rewards are not being tapped by the concept, occupational status. (TA)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of General Medical Sciences (NIH), Bethesda, MD.; National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD. Center for Population Research.; National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Inst. for Research on Poverty.