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ERIC Number: ED132233
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Pages: 25
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Non-Verbal Behavior of Children in a Listening Situation; Theoretical Implications and Practical Applications.
von Raffler-Engel, Walburga
The present paper is part of a long range research project in Developmental Kinesics. The gist of the project is empirical: the object is to find out what happens rather than look for anything in particular or test a hypothesis. The methodology for the analysis is ethological in approach. Empirical observations are carefully described. Subsequently, attempts are made to classify these observations according to the structure which emerges from the data, and to discern possible causes and effects. This specific paper presents the results of the sub-project dealing with Black Kinesics. Ten hours of live video tape were recorded. The subjects were 36 Black children, ranging from three to eighteen years of age. All children were healthy, of good intelligence, residents of Nashville, Tennessee, and from three different social backgrounds: professional, skilled and unskilled labor. Subjects were told stories by an adult and were asked to retell the story to other subjects. Interactants were randomly mixed and grouped according to age, sex, sibling status, and socioeconomic status. Most subjects appeared in three situations--as hearer to adult speaker, as speaker to another child, and as hearer to a child. The story teller and all the children were Black, as were all the technicians on the television crew who did the taping. Observations made as a result of the project show that the child's non-verbal behavior follows a developmental curve depending on age and that there are striking differences in behavior according to sex. (Author/JM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the 25th Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association (Washington, D. C., 1976)