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ERIC Number: ED132111
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Anthropological Perspectives on Multicultural Education. Anthropology and Education Quarterly, Vol. VII, No. 4, November 1976.
Gibson, Margaret A., Ed.
A variety of anthropological perspectives on multiculturalism in formal education are provided in five papers and three commentaries. Countering the traditional anthropological view that each society has only one culture, the first paper emphasizes the multicultural nature of all societies. Four divergent approaches to the conceptualization of multicultural education are analyzed in the second paper. An alternative approach is suggested which, unlike the others, does not equate education with formal schooling or view multicultural education as a type of formal educational program. The third paper discusses the concepts of culture, cultural groups, and cultural scenes within school settings and points out the discrepancies between an anthropological conception of culture and the educational policy issues currently arising from multicultural school programs. The fourth paper analyzes the role of multicultural education in equalizing educational opportunity in a culturally pluralistic society. The final paper focuses on multicultural education as a type of applied anthropology and argues that multicultural education programs cannot be devised apart from the specific communities they are intended to serve. The three commentaries point out various difficulties of maintaining ethnic and cultural identity in multicultural education, and they identify problems in providing multicultural education within the formal structure of the school. Professional news, information on teaching anthropology at the college level, publication reviews, and a membership survey of reader interests are included. (Author/DB)
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Biculturalism, Civil Rights, Cultural Awareness, Cultural Background, Cultural Differences, Cultural Pluralism, Educational Anthropology, Educational Change, Educational Improvement, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education, Ethnic Studies, Higher Education, Minority Groups, Models, Multicultural Education, Nondiscriminatory Education, Sociocultural Patterns
Publication Type: Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Council on Anthropology and Education, Washington, DC.