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ERIC Number: ED132001
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
National Patterns of R&D Resources, Funds & Manpower in the United States 1953-1976.
Chirichiello, John R.; And Others
This report provides a summary of the allocation of R&D funds and manpower among the four sectors of the economy - Federal Government, industry, universities and colleges, and other nonprofit institutions. R&D funding data include basic research, applied research, and development over the period 1953-76. Time-series data on R&D scientific and engineering manpower employed by each sector are presented for 1954-75. Highlights include: (1) total R&D spending in the U.S. is projected at $38.1 billion in 1976, 8% above the 1975 level; (2) in 1976 the U.S. is expected to devote 2.2% of its gross national product to R&D activities, down from 2.3% in 1975; (3) the Federal Government will support 53% of the total U.S. R&D effort in 1976, the same percentage as in 1975; (4) basic research spending is expected to reach $4.8 billion in 1976, an increase of 7% over 1975; and (5) the full-time equivalent of approximately 530,000 scientists and engineers were engaged in R&D activities in the U.S. in 1975, 1% more than in 1974. (Author/MH)
Descriptors: Colleges, Educational Finance, Engineers, Federal Government, Financial Support, Higher Education, Industry, Labor Utilization, Research, Sciences, Scientific Personnel
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 (Stock Number 038-000-00285-6, $0.95)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.