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ERIC Number: ED131827
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964-Dec
Programming Method and Response Mode in a Visual-Oral Task. Final Report, October 1961-October 1963.
Csanyi, Attila P.; And Others
Programing methods and response modes were investigated to determine effective training methods. The identification and pronunciation of phonetic symbols were taught using two different methods of programing (prompting and confirmation) and two methods of response (overt and covert). Achievement was measured on both a multiple choice test and a test requiring overt oral responses. Considerable variation occurred among the test scores for each learning condition. Differences among the conditions, tending to indicate the superiority of overt responding and of confirmation, were significant in only one case. Overt responding was superior for retention when measured by tests requiring overt oral responses. The prompting method coupled with the covert response mode tended to produce poorer learning and retention than the other conditions, but it required only 30% to 50% as much learning time as the other conditions. (Author/EMH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Cooperative Research Program.; Aerospace Medical Research Labs, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH.
Authoring Institution: Pittsburgh Univ., PA. Dept. of Psychology.
Note: Archival document