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ERIC Number: ED131460
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Pages: 216
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Aspects of the Acquisition of Communicative Competence: The Role of Listener-Oriented Presuppositions in Producing Directions.
Bye, Thomas John
The listener-oriented presupposition is defined as a covert proposition related in some way to the listener and associated with a given utterance which the speaker must believe to be true if that utterance is to be judged functional by the listener. It is proposed that listener-oriented presuppositions fall into the following three classes: class A presuppositions have as their domain the entire discourse unit, that is, they represent the entire set of beliefs that the speaker must hold in order to produce a functional discourse unit of a given type, in conversational interaction; class B presuppositions are associated with the decision to state, or not to state, given information; and class C presuppositions are associated with the way in which given information is stated. A test population was selected of 77 children between the ages of 32 months and 110 months and was directed to give sets of instructions for getting to, and from, different places. Analysis of the data indicates that, as the child grows older, his or her responses become increasingly listener-oriented, with the seventh birthday marking the point at which most serious presupposition failure is suppressed. (Author/LL)
University Microfilms, P.O. Box 1764, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 76-22,176, MF $7.50, Xerography $15.00)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles