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ERIC Number: ED131448
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Pages: 8
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Developmental Changes in the Effects of Output Interference on Recall Following an Auditory Presentation.
Gounard, Beverley Roberts
This paper summarizes two studies which examine children's free recall of letter sequences in an auditory presentation. In both studies, sequences of six or eight letters were presented to 80 third-grade and 80 eighth-grade pupils, at the rate of one item every other second or four items per second. In the first study, where recall was either immediate or delayed by five seconds, results for third graders showed no difference in number of items recalled as a function of presentation rate. Immediate recall was, however, slightly favored. For eighth graders, delayed recall was markedly better (perhaps as a result of rehearsal). The second study examined the effect of spoken recall on retention. For both age groups, no overall differences in order or item recall were apparent as a function of recall modality. At a slow presentation rate, however, eighth graders' spoken recall was poorer than their written recall. Conversely, spoken recall was superior to written recall at the fast presentation rate. Results suggest the presence of an auditory-specific, short-term memory store that holds information according to order of presentation, is subject to decay, and, apparently, is resistant to interference effects. (KS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the 1975 Canadian Psychological Association Convention