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ERIC Number: ED131265
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976-May
Pages: 25
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Taxes in a Labor Supply Model with Joint Wage-Hours Determination.
Rosen, Harvey S.
Econometrica, v44 n3 May 1976
Payroll and progressive income taxes play an enormous role in the American fiscal system. The purpose of this study is to present some econometric evidence on the effects of taxes on married women, a group of growing importance in the American labor force. A testable model of labor supply is developed which permits statistical estimation of a "coefficient of tax perception." Unlike previous models of labor supply, it allows for the possibility that the wage may depend on number of hours worked. Contrary to much of the literature, the results of this paper strongly suggest that marginal tax rates do have an important impact on labor force behavior. Section 1 reviews briefly the past thought on this problem. Section 2 develops a model to explain work decisions when an individual faces a whole set of wage-hour combinations, rather than a given wage independent of the number of hours he works. In Section 3 a model is modified to permit an explicit test of whether or not taxes affect individuals' labor supply decisions. Estimation problems are discussed at length, and the empirical results are presented. A concluding section contains a summary and suggestions for future research. (Author)
Publication Type: Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New Jersey