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ERIC Number: ED131185
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
A Way of Looking at Sheltered Workshops for the 1970's. Interface Number 3.
Sheltered work programs for the handicapped in five European countries (Denmark, Sweden, Poland, West Germany, and The Netherlands) are described in this paper. Basic features of the programs in each country are discussed, including population, financing, and aspects of the programs that can be applied in helping America improve employment programs in workshops. Key points raised are these: (1) The role, functions, and responsibilities of the workshop as an employer of the disabled are different from those of the workshop as a provider of services to the disabled, and (2) once sheltered workshops assume the role of employers of the disabled, they assume a number of responsibilities for the workers they employ, which are the same as those of employers in the competitive labor market and include such things as payment of adequate wages, provision of adequate machinery and technology for performing work, meeting occupational safety and health standards, providing for worker satisfaction and morale, and providing workers with a voice in management. A comment on the paper (by Dennis J. Dunn) is appended which includes a discussion of employment and rehabilitation services in Poland. (TA)
Descriptors: Administrator Responsibility, Cooperative Programs, Design Requirements, Disabilities, Employer Employee Relationship, Employment Practices, Employment Programs, Foreign Countries, Government Role, Labor Utilization, Mental Retardation, Physical Disabilities, Program Design, Program Development, Rehabilitation Programs, Sheltered Workshops, Training Allowances, Vocational Rehabilitation, Vocational Training Centers, Work Environment
Publication Type: Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Rehabilitation Services Administration (DHEW), Washington, DC. Office of Human Development.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ. - Stout, Menomonie. Dept. of Rehabilitation and Manpower Services. Research and Training Center.
Identifiers - Location: Denmark; Netherlands; Poland; Sweden; United States; West Germany