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ERIC Number: ED130956
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Apr
Pages: 34
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Labeling and the Socialization to Deviancy in Schools: Notes on Labeling Theory and the Self-Fulfilling Prophecy.
Cullen, Francis T.; Sreberny, Annabelle
The labeling theory of deviance is used as a basis from which to comment on the dynamics of the labeling process in schools in general. Several research studies have demonstrated the self-fulfilling prophecy of labeling techniques. Four types of behavior can be distinguished: behavior that breaks a rule and is labeled as deviant; behavior that does not break a rule and is not labeled as deviant; behavior that does not break a rule but is labeled as having done so; and behavior that breaks a rule but is not labeled as deviant. IQ tests, personality tests, and categories such as "slow learner" and "hyperactive" are seen to be guilty of attaching stigmatic labels and, in some cases, mislabeling altogether. The effects of being labeled appear to encourage behavior conforming to the label; the individual is treated by others as being deviant and, consequently, identifies with the traits inherent in the deviance. Analysis is made of the active/passive role of the student in the labeling process and of the conditions under which and processes through which students are stabilized in deviant careers. (Author/AV)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, California, April 19-23, 1976); Not available in hard copy due to poor legibility of original document