ERIC Number: ED130763
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Development of Activity, Conventional Play, and Vocalization in Infants and Preschoolers.
Routh, Donald K.; Padan-Belkin, Efrat
This study was designed to provide observations of the vocalizations and language of infants and young children and of changes in the subjects' pattern of play with toys, as well as their locomotor activity in a playroom. One hundred infants and children ranging from 10 months to five years of age were observed for two 15-minute periods, one with toys present and one with no toys in the playroom. The playroom was modified from a previous study on children's activity level development by replacing tables and chairs with braided rugs on the floor. The child's mother sat in a closet in the room with the door half open so her child could have access to her. Locomotor activity tended to rise from age 10 months up to a peak at 18-23 months; it then decreased from that age group to 24-29 months. Unexpectedly, after that age there was a steady increase with age in amount of activity up to five years. When toys were present, time spent in conventional play increased with age from 15 months up to four years; there were sex and age differences in preferences for particular toys. Vocalization and talking increased steadily with age. A discussion focuses on procedural differences between this study and the study by Routh, Schroeder, and O'Tuama (1974) which might account for the present findings a developmental increase in activity rather than a developmental decrease. (Author/SB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill.
Note: A preliminary version of this paper was presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (84th, Washington, D. C., September 4, 1976)