ERIC Number: ED130651
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Some Interactions Between Individual Differences and Modes of Instruction. Final Report, January 1964-March 1965.
Bush, Wilma Jo; And Others
The relationship between patterns of learning ability and the amount learned under different instructional conditions was studied. Scores for each of 44 Air Force trainees were obtained on several standardized tests of achievement and ability. Each subject then participated and was tested in five learning situations: (1) listening to taped presentations, (2) watching an animated film, (3) reading and working through programed instruction books, (4) manipulating laboratory equipment with a teaching machine presentation, and (5) using another teaching machine with a programed presentation. Differences between scores on associated ability tests were correlated with the difference in gain scores in the various learning situations. Students with relative strength on the Reading Vocabulary subtest of the California Achievement Test were superior to students with relative strength on the Mathematics Fundamentals subtest in learning in highly verbal instructional conditions. Students with relative strength in Mathematics Fundamentals learned more efficiently in laboratory-like situations than students who scored well in Reading Vocabulary. No comparable patterns were revealed with the Verbal and Performance Scales from the Weschler Adult Intelligence Test or the Administrative and Mechanical Scales for the Airman Qualifying Examination. (KB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Aerospace Medical Research Labs, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH.
Note: Archival document