ERIC Number: ED130642
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964-Oct
Reference Count: 0
The Effect of Test Trials on the Learning of Paired Adjectives.
Johnson, Kirk A.
Three experiments were performed to extend the research using the Subject Matter Trainer (SMT), an early teaching machine. Various training modes were compared. In all three experiments, the subject's task was to learn adjective pairs. Experiment I used the anticipation method. A test slide was shown first with an adjective singled out at the top of the frame and a list of 20 potential response terms at the bottom. An answer slide was then presented with the correct response term underlined. Experiments II and III used a prompting method. Only the answer slides were shown during the learning trials. Four conditions were used in each experiment. In the "3L" condition subjects received three learning trials. In the "5L" condition they received five learning trials. In the "3LT" condition the subjects had alternating series of three learning and two test trials. In the "3LF" condition subjects experienced alternating series of three learning trials and two filler trials consisting of color and cartoon images requiring a rating of color intensity as the subject's response. The experiments varied as to the intertrial time interval and the time separating learning and retention series. In the learning series of each experiment, the "3LT" condition led to better learning than either "3L" or "3LF." The differences were not uniformly significant nor did they match in magnitude the differences reported in an earlier SMT study. No significant differences were found for the retention series. (KB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Aerospace Medical Research Labs, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH.
Note: Prepared in part with the University of Cincinnati; Archival document