ERIC Number: ED130470
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Curiosity Behavior in Educable Mentally Retarded and Normal Adolescents: Characteristics, Modifiability, and Consequences of Training. Final Report.
Miller, Martin B.
Reported are the results of a series of studies conducted to identify the possible correlates of perceptual curiosity in retarded and normal IQ Ss (13-21 years old), and to determine the modifiability of perceptual curiosity in mentally retarded Ss through training and the possible transfer effects of such training. In a section on general methodology, brief descriptions are given for Ss, stimuli, procedure, apparatus, instructions, and procedural variations. Methodology and results for each study are reported separately under the following research topics: perceptual curiosity characteristics--distributions, item differences, and transitivity effects; distribution of perceptual curiosity characteristics in non-retarded adolescents and young adults; development of the 30-item short technique; comparison of retardates and normals for distribution and transitivity effects; comparison of forced-choice and fixation methodologies in non-retarded Ss; perceptual curiosity in retarded and normal IQ adolescents--effects of age, trials, sex, complexity dimensions, type of pairing, and IQ level; decision-time and duration of responses to stimulus complexity; exploration for correlates of perceptual curiosity; modification of perceptual curiosity behavior through training; and transfer of perceptual curiosity training to subsequent tasks. It is concluded that the findings suggest that special class teachers should support and encourage exploratory activity, even if it is rudimentary, whenever it occurs. Among appendixes are studies on complexity choice as a function of exposure time and pupillary changes in retarded and normal IQ adolescents as functions of stimulus complexity. (SBH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Education for the Handicapped (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Yeshiva Univ., New York, NY.
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